Sunday, February 17, 2013

Family History Writing Challenge Day 17 - Hungary to Ohio


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i]This may be the church of St Jacob.  St Jacob is the Catholic Church in Rakacza, Borsod, Hungary where for over one hundred years the Gulybans and their descendants were baptized, married, and buried. It is a small rural village in the Northeast part of Hungary.    
                                    
Borsod within Hungary
Rakacza within Borsod upper edge
just right of center
                    
Rakacza is in the county of Borsod, one of the oldest counties of the Kingdom of Hungary.  After the mongol invasion of Hungary, in the mid-thirteenth century, stone castles were built and the county formed around the castle.  

typical of a Hungarian Castle
The castle was named after it’s original steward Bors.  The county name Borsod means belonging to Bors.  The name Bors is Turkish in origin and means “black pepper”  or “peppercorn” in both the old and new Hungarian although it is no longer used as a personal name.[ii]
[iii] Grandiose plans were made for magnificent buildings to celebrate the Millennium in 1896 (the one thousandth anniversary of Hungarians settling down in the Carpathian Basin.)  In spite of the fa├žade of flourishing plans there were some serious problems in Hungary.  Small land owners went bankrupt due to lack of money and this caused thousands of workers to leave Hungary to find work and a better life.[iv]
This may have been the reason that Augustinus Gulyban left Rokacza and set forth to the United States.  He was seventeen years old when he arrived in New York on 16 Mar 1907 via the ship Patricia sailing from Hamburg, Germany.  Arriving in New York, Gustav said he was going to Pricedale, Pa, that he had a ticket to get there and that he had $10.00.  Immigration records show that his race was Magyar, he was 5 ft 4 in with fair complexion, brown hair, and grey eyes.
In the 1920 census, Gust was working at the Gaylord Mine in Martins Ferry, Belmont, Ohio.  Gus remained working in the mines for the rest of his life supporting his wife Mary and their three surviving children.  Every night Gus knelt on the floor beside his bed and said his prayers.  He kept the faith.



[i] Photo credit google images vatera.hu
[ii] Wikipedia
[iii] Ibid
[iv] http://www.hungary-tourist-guide.com/history-of-hungary